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How to use reflexive Pronouns in German Grammar
Introduction - What are reflexive pronouns?
Reflexive pronouns are the pronouns mich/mir, dich/dir, uns, euch, sich. We use them with reflexive and reciprocal verbs, so they always refer to the subject. Learn how to use the German reflexive pronouns. You can then check your skills in the exercises.
Overview of reflexive pronouns in the accusative and dative case
We usually use reflexive pronouns in the accusative, but in some cases we have to use the dative. As you can see in the overview, the pronouns only differ in the 1st and 2nd person singular.
Possessive pronouns as articles - Table of Dependent Possessive Pronouns
Possessive pronouns as articles are placed in front of the noun just like an article. We therefore often call them possessive articles.
Example: Das ist mein Hund. Ich suche meinen Hund. This is my dog. I am looking for my dog.
Depending on the gender and the case, we have to add different endings to the basic form. The following overview contains the declension of the possessive pronouns as masculine, feminine, neuter and plural in the nominative, genitive, dative and accusative. You just have to find the right form.
Possessive pronouns as substitute - Table of Independent Possessive Pronouns
Possessive pronouns as substitutes replace a previously mentioned noun.
Example: Wo ist mein Hund? Meiner liegt in seinem Bett, wo ist deiner? Where is my dog? Mine is in its bed, where is yours?
(instead of: Mein Hund liegt im Bett, aber dein Hund liegt nicht im Bett. My dog is in bed, but your dog is not in bed).
Independent possessive pronouns replace previously mentioned nouns, they stand on their own in a sentence i.e they are not followed by a noun. The following overview contains the declension of the possessive pronouns as substitutes for masculine, feminine, neuter and plural in the nominative, genitive, dative and accusative. So all you have to do is pick out the right form.