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How to use "Seit" and "Bis" as Conjunctions in German

In the intricate landscape of German grammar, mastering the usage of conjunctions is essential for constructing coherent and precise sentences. Among these, "seit" and "bis" stand out as versatile conjunctions that play pivotal roles in expressing temporal relationships. In this blog, we will explore the nuances of "seit" and "bis" when used as conjunctions, empowering you to wield them effectively in your German communication.

Understanding "Seit" as a Conjunction:

"Seit" primarily functions as a preposition, indicating a point in time from which an action or state has been ongoing. However, when used as a conjunction, "seit" introduces subordinate clauses that convey the duration of an action or state up to the present moment.

Examples of "Seit" as a Conjunction:

Ich bin glücklich, seit ich dich kennengelernt habe.

(I have been happy since I met you.)

Seit sie in Berlin lebt, hat sie sich sehr verändert.

(Since she has been living in Berlin, she has changed a lot.)

Seit ich Deutsch lerne, interessiere ich mich mehr für deutsche Kultur.

(Since I started learning German, I have become more interested in German culture.)

Understanding "Bis" as a Conjunction:

"Bis" typically functions as a preposition denoting the endpoint of a time frame. As a conjunction, "bis" introduces subordinate clauses that convey the duration of an action or state until a specified point in time.

Examples of "Bis" as a Conjunction:

Wir warten hier, bis der Regen aufhört.

(We will wait here until the rain stops.)

Ich bleibe, bis der letzte Zug fährt.

(I will stay until the last train leaves.)

Sie arbeitet weiter, bis sie alles erledigt hat.

(She continues working until she has finished everything.)

GMs Top Tips:

Temporal Precision: Use "seit" to indicate the starting point of an action or state, and "bis" to specify the endpoint.

Verb Placement: In subordinate clauses introduced by "seit" or "bis," the verb often occupies the final position.

Contextual Clarity: Consider the context and intended meaning to choose between "seit" and "bis" appropriately.


"Seit" and "bis" serve as invaluable tools for expressing temporal relationships in German. By understanding their usage as conjunctions, you can convey durations and time frames with precision and clarity in your communication. Practise incorporating these conjunctions into your sentences, and soon you'll wield them effortlessly to articulate temporal connections in your spoken and written German. Happy learning!

Read more blogs!

Learn Temporal Prepositions in German: In, Vor, Nach, Für

"Navigating German: Ab vs. Seit - Understanding Usage and Nuances"

Avoid These 5 Mistakes When Learning German

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